Containers

Containers render dynamic parts of a statement. This could just be a variable you defined, or, more importantly, a grammatical construct like a verb or pronoun.

Containers are defined areas within statements those contents come from a specific source (i.e. a node or a variable) or are further processed grammatically as a unit.

Creating Containers

The software will automatically create suggestions for containers by analyzing the grammatical structure of the marked words and comparing them with existing variable nodes. As result you get drafts for containers including suggestions for variables and grammatical classifications. To convert these suggestions into valid containers you click on create container in the suggestion card.

Containers can also be created from scratch: Mark the words you want to put into a container, click on [...] = create container and then choose the container type and set in the settings by yourself.

Container types can be changed after creating. With the remove button you can delete the container without deleting the text in the statement.

Types of Containers and their Settings

Noun container

You create a noun container, when the main part of the container is a noun. However, the container is not limited to the single noun itself, but you can add the group of words that directly accompany a noun: prepositions, determiners, numerals, adjectives and the noun itself. These words can either be transferred directly from the statement or can be generated from data (Variables). Each part of speech then has its own separate form to add the specifications.

Examples for noun phrases

The words in a noun container are adapted to their mutual relations if changes occur in the data. In each language, these dependencies look different, so the changes will have different effects.

  • EN
    • The sweater is available [in(prep) all(det) five(numeral) beautiful(adjective) colors(noun)]. (!cardinal num affects noun)
  • DE
    • Die Schwestern räumen die neuen Bücher [in ihr Zimmer].
    • Der Kellner räumt die Teller [von seinem Tisch](! possessive determiner adapts to subject and object)
  • FR
    • La chemise est disponible [en ces cinq couleurs différentes]. (!adj behind noun, gender) (= The shirt is available in these five different colors)
  • RU
    • Рубашка доступна [во всех пяти разных цветах]. (!preposition adapts to next word and case=prep) (= The shirt is available in all five different colors)
  • SV
    • Skjortan finns [i dessa fem olika färger]. (!det affects noun) (=The shirt is available in these five different colors.)
  • ZH
    • [有五种不同的衬衫] (!的 between noun and adj) (= with 5 different shirts)

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab noun

  • Role Every container has a grammatical role for the statement. Such a role could be, for example, that this noun is the subject or a object in this sentence. If you name this container you can refer to its grammatical role within the statement (and in some cases also across branches) so that you do not have to set the grammar parameters all over again.

  • grammatical case The grammatical case of the container defines its role in a statement. The options differ according to the language.

    • EN: nominative (the text) or genitive (the text's); [accusative (them), dative (them) only for pronouns]
    • DE: nominative (der Name), genitive (des Namens), accusative (den Namen), dative (dem Namen) [the name]
    • FR: nominative (le voiture) [the car]; [accusative (le), dative (lui) only for pronouns]
    • RU: nominative (девушка), genitive (девушки), accusative (девушку), dative (девушке), instrumental (девушкой), prepositional (девушке) [woman]
    • SV: nominative (tröja) , genitive (tröjas) [shirt]; [accusative (honom), dative (honom) only for pronouns]
    • ZH: nominative (朋友) [friend]
  • Is named entity A named entity is a real-world object, such as persons, locations, organizations, products, etc., that can be denoted with a proper name.

  • Copy grammar from role With this you can apply the same grammatical settings as in a different container.

  • number In this field you define whether the noun will appear in singular or plural form.

    • EN: singular (the text) or plural (the texts)
    • DE: singular (der Text) or plural (die Texte)
    • FR: singular (la voiture) or plural (les voitures)
    • SL: singular (hiša) or plural (hiše) or dual (hiši) [house]
    • SV: singular (tröja) or plural (tröjor)
    • ZH: singular (朋友) or plural (朋友们) (rare pluralization)
  • gender Also the gender of the noun is noted (female, neutral, male, common)

    • EN: masculine (he), female (she), neutral (it) (in EN only for pronouns/possessive determiners relevant)
    • DE: masculine (der Text), female (die Redaktion), neutral (das Ergebnis)
    • FR: masculine (le texte), female (la voiture)
    • RU: masculine (этот текст), female (эта женщина), neutral (это дело)
    • SV: common (en tröja), neutral (ett äpple), masculine (han), female (hon) (fem + masc merged to common, "natural" gender masc/fem only used for pronouns)
    • ZH: masculine (他), female (她), neutral (它) (only relevant for pronouns)

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab adjective

Adjectives describe nouns and therefore are part of the noun container.

  • Use Adjectives from Phrase Variable If you already have built a phrase node in the Transform area you can use it as a source.
  • Adjective Conjunctions If you've got more than one adjective what conjunction (or punctuation) should be used for the listing and for the last part of the adjective.

Examples for conjunctions

  • EN: The green, embroidered, and knitted sweater. (The use of the serial comma depending on the style guide )
  • DE: Wählen Sie eine grüne, gelbe oder blaue Tasche aus!
  • FR: les pulls verts, jaunes et bleus
  • RU: зеленые, желтые и синие сумки
  • SV: de gröna, gula och blå handväskorna
  • ZH: 绿色,黄色蓝色的手袋

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab numeral

The source of the numeral is always a variable node, that has to be delivered as a digit. You can choose between ordinal (position) or cardinal (quantity) representations and if the numerals should be written out (ordinal, cardinal) or rendered as a digit (ordinal digit, cardinal digit).

  • written out: He buys two cokes. / [...]one coke. / [...] his third coke.

  • as a digit: He buys 2 cokes. / He buys 1 coke. / He buys his 3rd coke.

  • FI: Numerals inflect (for case and number) kaksi omenaa (two apples) / kahden omenan (of two apples)

Numeral Type ordinal or cardinal

ordinal cardinal
digit 3rd 3
text third three
text dritte/dritter/drittes drei
text troisième(s) trois
text третий/третья/третье три
text tredje tre
text 第三

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab determiner

A determiner is used to show which thing is being referred to. It A determiner is a word that is usually set before a noun (depends on language) and that often is the first of the noun group. There are different types of determiner, e.g. articles, demonstratives, possessives or numerals.

  • You can choose the type of determiner

    • Definite determiner the text (DE: der Text, FR: le texte, SV: den intressanta texten)
    • Demonstrative determiner this text (DE: dieser Text, FR: ce texte, RU: этот текст, SV: denna text, ZH: 该文本)
    • Indefinite a text (DE: ein Text, FR: un texte, SV: en text)
    • Not no text (DE: kein Text, RU: никакой текст)
    • Every every text (DE: jeder Text, RU: каждый текст)
    • Which which text (DE: welcher Text)
    • Both both texts (DE: beide Texte)
    • Some some texts (DE: einige Texte)
    • Any any text
    • Many many texts (DE: viele Texte)
    • Personal 2nd Plural your text
    • Possessive: 1st Singular or Plural my/our text, 2nd Singular or Plural your/your text, 3rd Masculine/Feminine/Neutral for Singular and Plural nouns: his/her/its/their text
    • Distal RU тот текст
    • Medial ES ese texto
    • All RU весь текст
    • Possessive_reflexive RU свой текст
  • Possessive Target Since the possessive determiners need two references, they indicate both the person who possesses and the object that belongs to the person. At this position you can define for the 3rd person's determiner to which container the possessive target refers and therefore where the grammatical information comes from by setting the appropriate role name.

Examples for possessive determiners

  • EN: The man (possessive target) takes his bike. The woman takes her bike. / The children do their homework.
  • DE: Der Mann (possessive target) nimmt seinen Rucksack. Der Mann nimmt seine Tasche. Die Frau nimmt ihren Rucksack. Die Frau nimmt ihre Tasche.
  • FR: L'homme prend son vélo.
  • RU: Девушка ворует его велосипед.
  • SV: Mannen tar sin cykel.
  • ZH: 该名男子骑着他的自行车。

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab preposition

This is just static text you have to fill out with a suitable preposition (e.g. in, at, for, ...).

Verb Containers

In verb containers the (finite) verb in a sentence is managed. This kind of containers has only grammatical functions: It is not possible to insert content from data for this type of container.

Parameter for Container Settings in the tab verb

  • Lemma: At this point the form of the verb is stored, that is used in a dictionary. The software can look up the lemma with the annotate feature or you can enter it yourself.

  • Role: cf Noun container

  • Copy grammar from role A verb gets grammar information (number, but depending on language also gender) from the subject. You can choose here from the noun container that represents the subject in this statement. If you leave this field empty you have to fill out the specifications below.

  • number singular or plural

  • gender In some languages the form of the verb depends also on the gender of the subject. (e.g. RU "делал/делала/делало" = he/she/it did)

  • person : 1st person (I or we), 2nd person (you) and 3rd person (she/it/he and they)

  • tense

    • EN: Present (they have), Past (they had), Past Participle (they have had), Gerund (having)
    • DE: Present (er/sie geht), Past (er/sie ging)
    • FR: Present (Il/Elle/On va), Past (Il/Elle/On alla), Imperfect (Il/Elle/On allait)
    • RU: Present (он/она/оно делает), Past (он делал), Future (он/она/оно будет делать)
    • SV: Present (kallar), Past (kallade)
    • ZH: Present 他/她 找到, Past 他/她 找到了

Pronoun Containers

In a pronoun container it is set that a noun (in form of single words or groups) or the content of a variable is represented by a pronoun (personal or demonstrative pronoun). The nouns can be taken from the data via variable (From variable), be directly entered (From noun) or derived from a different container (From role).

Parameter for Container Settings

  • Personal pronouns (he/she/it), (DE: er/sie/es, FR: il/elle/on, RU: он/она/оно, SV: han/hon/det/den, ZH: 他/她/它)
  • Demonstrative pronouns (this), (DE: dieser/diese/dieses, FR: celui-ci/celle-ci, ZH: 该, RU: который/которая/которое [actually rather interrogative/relative])
  • Demonstrative pronouns 2 DE: der/die/das, FR: lequel/laquelle, SV: som, ZH: 谁
  • Indefinite pronouns DE: einer/eine/eines
  • Which (/Interrogative) DE: welcher/welche/welches, RU: какой/какая/какое, ZH: 哪
  • Medial FR: celui/celle
  • Reflexive pronoun RU: себя
  • there are some more for certain languages

Configuring of all Types of Containers in the general settings

You can add formatting to each container in the tab general settings. From the menue Output Text Formatting you can choose whether the container will just transfer the formatting of the variable (or of the statement text entered) (auto), will capitalize the first word of the container (Capitalize), output all text in the container in Uppercase or Lower Case or just leave out all formatting and inflection (raw).

You can also decide here if a branch should be skipped if this container is empty. This way you can control that a container without value does not create a incorrect phrase.

Referring to Containers

Roles are defined to serve as references for the settings in containers. As a general rule, a container can reference any other container in the record via the role, as long of course it also occurs in the rendered statement. If you cannot refer to a container at a certain point, this is automatically blocked in the user interface.

The concrete rules for this:

  • A role can be used both upwards and downwards in the branching hierarchy. Only in sibling branches of the defining container can a role not be used (since these containers are never rendered simultaneously).
  • If a container of a branching defines a role and this role is used outside the branch, all branches of the branch must contain a container that defines this role.